LABUAN: Seven states posted faster economic growth (GDP) than the national level of 4.3 per cent in 2019, with Selangor topping the list with 6.7 per cent while Wilayah Persekutuan (W.P) Kuala Lumpur at 6.0 per cent.
Department of Statistics Malaysia in its State Socioeconomic Report 2019 on the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) released today said besides the three states, Kelantan rose to 5.3 per cent, W.P. Labuan (5.2 per cent) Negeri Sembilan (5.1 per cent), Kedah (4.6 per cent) and Perlis (4.6 per cent).
On the other hand, it said that seven states registered better growth compared to the previous year namely Kelantan 5.3 per cent (2018: 2.6 per cent), Negeri Sembilan 5.1 per cent (2018: 4.2 per cent), Kedah 4.6 per cent (2018: 4.0 per cent), Perlis 4.6 per cent (2018: 3.3 per cent), Pahang 3.7 per cent (2018: 3.0 per cent), Terengganu 3.3 per cent (2018: 2.5 per cent) and Sarawak 2.5 per cent (2018: 2.2 per cent).
“An improvement in the agriculture sector which was reinforced by an increase in the production of oil palm activity, rubber and vegetables, as well as better performance in the services sector has benefited to the growth momentum in several related states,” said chief statistician, Datuk Seri Dr Mohd Uzir Mahidin.
The State Socioeconomic Report 2019 also includes the publication of new information on graduate statistics, salary and wages and income and expenditure by the state as well as consumer price index, population, labour force; domestic tourism; and state government statistics and local authorities.
“According to the report, the number of graduates in Malaysia was 5.3 million persons in 2019, increased by 6.9 per cent from 4.9 million persons in 2018.
“Graduates labour force participation rate (GLFPR) was 83.5 per cent, decreased 0.1 percentage point as against 83.6 per cent in 2018,” he said.
He added that Selangor and Sabah recorded the highest GLFPR in 2019 at 86.5 per cent, followed by W.P. Putrajaya 85.9 per cent and Sarawak 85.3 per cent.
Based on the findings of the Household Income and Basic Amenities Survey, Mohd Uzir said W.P. Kuala Lumpur attained the highest median income of RM10,549 followed by W.P. Putrajaya (RM9,983), Selangor (RM8,210), W.P. Labuan (RM6,726), Johor (RM6,427), Penang (RM6,169) and Melaka (RM6,054).
“For the period 2016 to 2019, W.P. Putrajaya posted the highest average annual growth rate for median income with 6.3 per cent, higher than the national median income growth (3.9 per cent),” he said.
On unemployment, he said eight states registered slower rates namely Terengganu, Johor, Pulau Pinang, Sarawak and W.P. Putrajaya.
Melaka recorded the lowest unemployment rate in 2019 at 1.1 per cent.
“This integrated economic and social information will give beneficial input to the state’s policy-makers and researchers to formulate development plans and direction of their respective states,” he said.