‘Ratu’ The Leopard Cat Satellite Tagged In The Kinabatangan

Dr Gonzalez checking the animal’s vital signs and assessing its body condition. (Credit: Liesbeth Frias/DGFC)

KINABATANGAN: A wild female leopard cat was caught and fitted with a satellite collar in the Kinabatangan, as part of Danau Girang Field Centre’s (DGFC) Carnivore Programme, a collaborative project with the Sabah Wildlife Department.

The animal was caught and satellite-collared during a night survey in Pendirosa estate, a subsidiary of Felda Global Venture Co.

“The procedure was very successful. The team worked well together and we collected samples and fitted a satellite collar on a young female leopard cat. We called her “Ratu”, meaning “Queen” in Malay,” said Dr. Macarena Gonzalez, wildlife veterinarian at DGFC.

Dr Guerrero-Sanchez deploying the satellite collar on the leopard cat. While the collar can look bulky on the picture, it weighs less than 5% of the cat’s body mass. (Credit: Liesbeth Frias/DGFC)

“Ratu is the first leopard cat collared as part of this project. Hopefully we will be able to catch and collar more leopard cats to study their movement through this fragmented landscape, and to understand how they use it.

“Movement data will assist us in understanding how such a resilient species utilizes both landscapes: forest and oil palm plantation,” said Dr. Miriam Kunde, project leader and carnivore conservation officer at DGFC.

The Carnivore Programme goes in tandem with DGFC’s Health at the Edge Project ([email protected]), led by Dr. Sergio Guerrero-Sanchez and Dr. Liesbeth Frias, Research Associates at DGFC.

The project aims to tackle health-related problems from an integrated ecological, veterinary and human health approach.

“For this particular component of the project, we are targeting leopard cats as sentinels to assess the potential effects of anthropogenic disturbance on the health of Bornean cat populations,” explained Dr. Frias.

According to Dr. Guerrero-Sanchez, leopard cats can be found inhabiting a broad range of habitat types, including oil palm plantations.

“By using them as a model species, we aim to assess cross-species transmission at the wildlife-human interface, as their home ranges can potentially overlap those of domestic carnivores in plantations, and those of more vulnerable cats in adjacent forests,” she added

Both projects are supervised by Dr. Benoit Goossens, DGFC’s Director and Professor at Cardiff University, who chipped in to say that a better understanding of the movements of this wild felid will help evaluate the impacts of habitat fragmentation and quality in ranging patterns of this species in the Kinabatangan landscape.

Nazrul Bin Moh Natsyir (AKA Alut), senior research assistant at DGFC, tracking the leopard cat. (Credit: Myra Mansell/DGFC)

Dr. Goossens pointed out that leopard cats, and the potential for disease transmission between them and domestic animals, provide a relevant model to evaluate the potential health risks threatening other species, such as flat-headed cats and marbled cats.

“We would also like to take this opportunity to thank Pendirosa estate management for their continuous collaboration on this project and the main sponsors of our Carnivore Programme and [email protected]: Ocean Park Conservation Foundation Hong Kong, Sime Darby Foundation, Houston Zoo and Panthera,” concluded Dr. Goossens.